Betting with bitcoin: Site lets Americans gamble on elections, sports with online-only currency

Gambling and prediction markets are legal in Ireland.

But Dourado is hopeful about bitcoin prediction markets.

“Irish regulators don’t have any guidelines regarding bitcoin yet. During a political campaign, you may not know how to weight the different polls that come out, or how to interpret the bluster that emerges from each side, but the market price of each candidate on one of these sites represents a summary of what people who are willing to put their own money on the line believe.”

Meanwhile, three thousand people on are using bitcoins to bet on everything from politics to entertainment.  The site’s bettors suggest that the movie “12 Years a Slave” has a 60 percent chance of winning Best Picture; that Republicans have a 50 percent chance of taking the Senate in November; that Hillary Clinton has a 33 percent chance of becoming president in 2016; and that the U.S. But when I found out about bitcoin I thought: ‘That’s the perfect thing for this.’ Almost right when I discovered bitcoin, I started to work on this project,” he said.

- Eli Dourado, a tech policy researcher at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University

“I’m pretty sure that one can’t evade gambling or securities or commodities regulations by trading in francs or yen instead of dollars,” said Robin Hanson, an economics professor at George Mason University and the chief scientist at Consensus Point, which designs prediction markets that companies use to reach internal decisions.

That is not how the government sees things.

Charlon said regulation is a concern, but Irish regulators have so far been fine. And it’s all made possible by bitcoins. 

The CFTC recently sued the popular prediction market for operating without a license, which forced the site to shut down.

‘I bet on the Seahawks and won a very modest amount of bitcoins.’ is still small; Charlon said the total amount of bitcoins that customers have sent to the site is worth around $500,000.

The founder of, software developer Flavien Charlon, said he always wanted to create a prediction market, and that bitcoin solved the problem of transferring money.

Betting of this sort is a legal gray area in the U.S., where the federal Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) decided in a 2012 regulatory order not to allow prediction markets on the grounds that they are “contrary to the public interest.”

The author of this piece, Maxim Lott, can be reached on twitter at @maximlott or at

Some prediction market experts, noting that the law generally does not specify what currency is used, are wary about whether betting with bitcoins can effectively escape government regulation.

“I used Predictious to bet on the Super Bowl. presidential election to the Olympics and the Oscars. government to regulate Intrade,” he said.

“There is no way I can answer [that]. It has no physical form in paper or coin; instead computers “mine” bitcoins by generating new ones at specific durations and depositing them into virtual bank accounts., which started last July, has the same model as Intrade – except that it accepts only bitcoins, allowing it to receive funds quickly from Americans despite regulations that forbid banks to transfer money to it.

“With all the legal problems and regulations, that made it almost impossible to start a prediction market. When they do start to come up with them, we are going to try to proactively work with them,” Charlon said.

“[Prediction markets can] have an adverse effect on the integrity of elections, for example by creating monetary incentives to vote for particular candidates even when such a vote may be contrary to the voter’s political views,” the 2012 CFTC order reads.

“You’d want the cash used to be something easily available to many potential users,” he said. Too speculative for us,” CFTC spokesman Steven Adamske told

He said that such markets would be good for society.

“Once regulators decide the trades are illegal they have lots of things they can do to shut it down. I bet on the Seahawks and won a very modest amount of bitcoins,” Eli Dourado, a tech policy researcher at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University, told

Bitcoins are virtual currency unconnected to any country, unlike every other currency on earth. has about a 50 percent chance of winning the most medals in the Sochi Winter Games.

Some Americans are happy to have a place to bet online.

Hanson is also skeptical about the reach of the new prediction market.

“The requirement to use the banking system meant that it was relatively easy for the U.S. Witness Silk Road,” Hanson added, referring to the online bitcoin-only drug market that survived anonymously for several years until the FBI identified the creator., a new company from Ireland, offers a “prediction market” that allows people to bet on everything from the U.S. “It remains to be seen how much effort the government will want to invest in limiting bitcoin-based prediction markets, but since these markets could create a lot of value, I hope we can all come to a live-and-let-bet arrangement.”

While the CFTC forbids prediction markets that use cash, it is less certain that it will go after one that uses bitcoins.

The digital currency bitcoin — once used to facilitate online drug deals — now appears to be enabling people to get around regulations banning online betting.. “At the moment, bitcoin doesn’t look so good on that.”

“This is valuable information that the public should be free to access..

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