Understanding the Basic Rules to Play Backgammon

The blotted checker returns in the game from the home board. The origin of game dates back around 5,000 years. The player has an option to either move two checkers by the value that is present on each die face, or a single checker to match the dice value. The points that the player going first is determined by value of both the dice that were rolled. It is just a marker, not a die. This decreases the vulnerability of his own checkers.


The order in which checkers are placed are: 2 checkers on the 24th point, 3 checkers on the 8th point, while 5 checkers placed on the 6th and 13th point each. A player can deliberately lose a turn if he/she wishes not to move his checker to an open point.


A player has to bring all 15 checkers in play to his home board before bearing them off. There are many online casinos that offer this game online too. A player can also lose a turn if there are no open points to move his checkers. When a player has his checker blotted, the only move that he is allowed to make is to get his blotted checker back in the game. He played 2 Backgammon games with his wife, daily.

Backgammon is one of the oldest board games around, and can be played between two players. In case doubles are rolled by a player during the game, then the player has the option to move up to 4 checkers by points equal to value of a die.

Charles Darwin was a Backgammon enthusiast. If the player was unable to bear off any checkers before losing, then he loses ‘a gammon’, and if a player has one or multiple checkers in the opponent’s home court or on the bar, then, in such a case, the player loses a backgammon..

When setting up wagers, each point is specified with a specific value. However, on occasion, the wagers are increased to 128 and 256 times as well.

Lost Turn

A player will lose his turn if he fails to get his blotted checker; that is, the checker on the bar, back in game. One half of the board serves as the home board for both the teams, while the other half serves as an outer board. This has led to many people appealing for it to be treated under stringent gambling laws.

Starting off

To start the game, both players will roll a die simultaneously. When a player’s checker lands on an open point, then an opponent’s checker, if one is present, is blotted and moved to the bar, which is the part of the board that divides it in half. It has been modified in terms of rules and strategies. Both players can have the same or separate pair of dice.


The doubling cube was introduced to raise the wagers that are gambled for in a Backgammon game. Players then take alternate turns to roll the dice and move their checkers. Some service providers also provide this game purely for entertainment purposes, without anyone having to wager anything.

The board consists of 24 triangles, known as points. With the online version now available, the game has become more sought after. 24 points are divided into 4 quadrants, with 6 points each. The values on the faces of a doubling cube are 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64. This will increase the player’s chances of handing out his opponent the loss of a gammon or a backgammon. In Backgammon, though strategy matters, the game itself is based more on a matter of chance and luck. The checkers move on points in a counter-clockwise direction in a horse-shoe-shaped path, depending on the value of the rolled dice. The use of a doubling cube started in the early 1900s.

Backgammon is majorly a gambling game. A blot can return in play only on an open point, failing which the player loses the turn. In case of same value, the players roll again. There are 30 discs or checkers, divided into two colors, 15 of each color. A player suffers a regular loss when he is able to bear off some checkers before losing. In casinos, it is almost as famous as card games like Poker, Baccarat, or Blackjack. When a checker is on the home board, the player has to move the checker by the lower value among the number presented on the dice. The points are numbered from the start of the home board of a player as the 1st point, and the start of the opponent’s home board as the 24th point, in a counter-clockwise direction.

The Bar

A point having one or no opponent checker is an open point. A player must also try not to create his own blots. The current form of the game was adopted in 17th Century England. The player having a higher die value will move his checkers first. If a 1 is rolled, it will be the starting point; if 2 is rolled then the 2nd point, and so on.

Fun Fact

How to Play Backgammon


An important Backgammon strategy is to try to make a hit on the vulnerable blot in an open point. A winner does not gain points, but a loser loses points. The faces of the doubling cube increase by the factor by two. Generally, wagers are not raised beyond two times in a game of Backgammon. The position that a blotted checker can assume after being back in the game will depend on the value of a die from the rolled dice. The first player to bear off all his checkers is the winner

A Brief History of Philippine Basketball

The Philippine team won against Italy, Estonia, Mexico and Uruguay but failed to upset the eventual champion Team USA.

In 1948, the Philippines became the first basketball team to score at least 100 points in Olympic competitions, outclassing Iraq, 102-30.. The team competed in the first ever Far Eastern Championship Games which was incidentally held in Manila, the capital city of the Philippines.

There are also indigenous Filipino martial arts such as the Arnis de Mano. Despite competition from emerging sports such as the rejuvenated badminton and the football-powered Azkals, the sport of basketball will forever remain etched in the hearts and minds of the sports-loving Filipino people.

However, all of that would change in the 1900s. The early years of the PBA saw the rivalry of Jaworksi’s Toyota Super Corollas against the Atoy Co-fueled Crispa Redmanizers.

The Philippines also participated in the first ever Olympic basketball tournament, finishing fifth with a 4-1 win-loss record. It was the first play-for-pay basketball league in Asia. Due to the massive influence Spain brought during their 300-year colonization of the islands, Filipinos are more into cockfighting and other forms of social gambling.

It was also during the time of American colonization when the first-ever Philippine national basketball team was formed. Filipinos easily embraced basketball due to its competitive and action-packed nature.

During the 1960s, Philippine basketball became more concentrated in the collegiate and Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA) wars that feature the likes of Sonny Jaworski and Ramon Fernandez.

In 1975, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) was established.

The succeeding years of Philippine basketball saw the emergence of newer and fresher basketball talents from the likes of Ricardo Brown, Ato Agustin, Allan Caidic, Benjie Paras and Hector Calma to the later generations of Danny Seigle, Danny Ildefonso, Kenneth Duremdes, Asi Taulava and Mark Caguioa.

During the 1950s, the Philippines unleashed the legendary tandem of Lauro Mumar and Carlos Loyzaga, resulting into neck-to-neck battle against basketball some of the top powerhouse teams of the world including the US and the Soviet Union.

Prior to the 1900s basketball was virtually an unknown sport in the Philippines. Bowing only against China in 1921 and settling for a silver medal finish.

Today, basketball still remains as the number one sport in the Philippines. Similarly, the collegiate leagues the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the University Athletic Association of the Philippines were established in 1924 and 1938 respectively.

The Philippines finished third in the 1954 FIBA World Champions courtesy of Mumar and Loyzaga. The entry of the Americans into the Philippine archipelago marked the birth of basketball in the Philippines. Cockfighting, gambling and Arnis de Mano dominated the Philippine sports landscape.

College and universities also started to embrace the sport of basketball, incorporating the sport in their physical education curriculum. The dynamic duo also led the Philippines to several Asian Games gold medals during the decade.

The Philippines dominated basketball tournaments of the Far Eastern Championship Games, finishing with a gold medal in all but one edition of the Games

A Brief History Of Horse Racing In The Uk

Her website focuses on UK horse racing, including champion jockeys, famous trainers, racetracks and famous races. and were organized by Roman soldiers in the Yorkshire area. The ‘Queen Anne Stakes’ is still one of the most important races on Ascot’s Horse Racing weekend.

About the Author:

Pippa Brown is an Affiliate Marketer based in the UK. It was responsible for the day-to-day regulations applied to British horse racing until 2006, when the Club gave up its governing power in an attempt to broaden the image of UK horse racing as a sport for everyone, not just for the rich.

With the sport gaining royal support under the reigns of King Charles II and Queen Anne of Great Britain, public interest grew and in 1727 and the Racing Calendar was founded, a newspaper solely dedicated to horse racing.

Royal Ascot Racecourse is one of the most famous English racecourses, located in the small town of Ascot in Royal Berkshire and was founded with Queen Anne’s help in the early 18th century. Great Britain has got as many as 500 professional jockeys, who compete in around 8,500 races on 1,300 racing fixtures every year. In 1752, the Jockey Club was established and was made up of race course owners, wealthy breeders and general aristocracy. Horse racing was briefly banned by Oliver Cromwell in the 1650’s, but became very popular again when King Charles II was reinstated as the King of England and also because of his introduction of the prize, the Newmarket Town Plate in 1664.

Of course, these days, horse racing is a multi million pound industry and includes an infinite number of items of horse racing collectables and memorabila. There is also a large selection of horse racing collectables and memorabilia, horse racing books and biographies, horse racing pictures and gifts to choose from at her website http://www.horseracingcollectables.com

It is thought that the first horse races in Britain took place around 200 A.D. The first recorded race meeting, which was a four mile race, took place long after that during the reign of King Henry II (1154 – 1189). All of today’s Thoroughbred race horses can be traced back to three stallions from the Middle East, Byerly Turk, Darley Arabian and Goldophin Arabian, that were imported into England between the 1680’s and 1720’s.

During the 17th century, Newmarket in Cambridgeshire became the home of British horse racing. Then the Horseracing Regulatory Authority was established in 2006 to replace the Jockey Club and now the Horseracing Regulatory Authority and the British Horseracing Authority are working as one and are known as the BHA, taking care of all racing matters in the UK.. King James I introduced the sport there in 1605 and in 1634 the first ever Gold Cup race meeting was held. Over 14,000 horses are trained in Britain to compete for around ten million pounds worth of yearly prize money and they are watched by approximately 6 million horse racing enthusiasts around the world.

These days, the governing body of British horse racing is the British Horseracing Authority (BHA), which was formed in 2007 by integrating two existing regulatory bodies: The British Horseracing Board (BHB), founded in 1993, was responsible for finance, race planning, politics, training and marketing, while the Jockey Club was still in charge of the regulations

Applying Hedge Bets

The term in-the-money means you are placing a wager on your chosen horse when and if it lands on 1st, 2nd place or 3rd place.

Another type of hedging bet is to place savers on a horse or two “to-place,” or simply subscribe wagers on the exacta box at the betting office or on an online betting exchange or with a bookie. This is because hedge bets are merely collaterals or guarantees that the bettor will not go home with just a losing ticket stub in his pocket.

However simple as this betting strategy sounds, placing hedge bets anywhere is actually a complicated process that even seasoned bettors still struggle with. One more disadvantage to hedge bets is that: like everything else in a race horsing event, this entails money – so unless you really have enough to place on one or more hedge bets, hedging is out of the question.

Some online betting arenas are offering a more simplistic solution to computing hedge bets. player’s commission rate, stake money and odds used to back or lay the runner) and let the tool calculate a player’s potential net gain on the outcome of the race. This basically means that you are betting on your chosen runner to finish either 1st or 2nd place.

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Jimmy Mayon (MBA, BSEE) is a technologist with an enthusiasm for Horse Racing. Seasoned bettors usually have worked out their own system to calculate the odds either stacked against or in favor of their chosen runners. Choosing a likely winner is difficult enough; handicapping the racing field to a couple of potential contenders is even more difficult. Although this software, known as the hedging bet calculator, is not totally fool-proof, there are a lot of Internet takers. Basically, it means that you place a normal or on-the-nose bet on the runner you desire; at the same time, you make additional wagers on two or more horses, just in case your runner falls short at the finish line. During the last 25 years he has been managing banking and online transaction processing technologies for private and public sectors. All a player has to do is to enter some pertinent data (i.e. These additional wagers or hedge bets or so-called savers can come in different forms. It can be a bet on the same runner, but instead of an on-the-nose bet, it will be a to-place bet or an each way bet. You can also place savers on three other horses with an “in-the-money” type of wager, or an “each way” bet. Today he specializes in open source development using Java, PHP, Linux, and MySQL.

Hedging is one of the oldest, if not the most prominent horse betting strategy in the history of horse racing. Nonetheless, the difficult part of handicapping the playing field still rests on the player’s ability to narrow down runners in an event.



Author’s Bio: 


. The calculator is completely automated and is very easy to use. Usually, hedge bets like these are considerably smaller in monetary units than the “normal” bets – this translates to less margin profits